In my Life Journal blog posts dated Tuesday and Wednesday, January 23-24, 2018, (we read about, and) I referenced the “hardening of Pharaoh’s heart.” I know this is a confusing issue, so I thought I would post a blog, just to address this particular aspect of the story of the Exodus.
“The Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart.” (Exodus 7:3; 9:12; 10:1, 20, 27; 11:10; 14:4, 8)
“Pharaoh hardened his own heart.” (Exodus 8:15, 32; 9:34)
“Pharaoh’s heart was hardened.” (Exodus 7:13, 14,22; 8:19; 9:7, 35)
Which is correct/accurate/true?
Here an article that fleshes this out in detail. I found it to be very helpful and it makes sense to me. It was published by Apologetics Press. Copyright © 2003 Apologetics Press, Inc. All rights reserved.
Here is a link to the article: http://apologeticspress.org/apcontent.aspx?category=11&article=1205
To view the article, CLICK HERE.
I hope this helps bring some understanding to you.
Copyright © 2003 Apologetics Press, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Bullinger, E.W. (1898), Figures of Speech Used in the Bible (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1968 reprint).
Dungan, D.R. (1888), Hermeneutics (Delight, AR: Gospel Light).
Hobbs, Kendall (2003), “Why I Am No Longer a Christian: Ruminations on a Spiritual Journey out of and into the Material World,” [On-line], URL: http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/kendall_hobbs/no_longer.shtml.
MacKnight, James (1954 reprint), Apostolic Epistles (Nashville, TN: Gospel Advocate).
Palmer, Edwin (1972), The Five Points of Calvinism (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker).
Wells, Steve (2001), Skeptic’s Annotated Bible, [On-line], URL: http://www.Skepticsannotatedbible.com>.